Minibus and Omnibus Bills

FY 2019 House Action:

House Minibus  (HR 5895)  E-W/LEG/MCon:  6/8: Hse Passed 235-179 | HR 5895 (House-Passed)  | Floor Amendments | Reports: E-W | Leg | MCon | R-Sum | D-Sum

House Minibus  (HR 6147)  Int-Env/FSGG:  7/19: House Passed 217-199 HR 6147 (House-Passed) | Floor Amendments  | Int Rpt | FSGG Rpt | R-Sum D-Sum   D-Stmt

FY 2019 Senate Action:

Senate Minibus (HR 5895)  E-W/LEG/MCon:  6/25: Senate Passed 86-5 | HR 5895-SEN | Reports: EW | Leg | MCon | Stmt of Admin Policy (SAP)

Senate Minibus  (HR 6147)  Int/FSGG/THUD/Ag:  8/1:  Senate Passed 92-6 the 4-bill minibus (HR 6147), after rejecting the Leahy election security amendment 50-47 (60 being required) | R-Stmt | D-Stmt | Floor amendments  | Stmt of Admin Policy (SAP)

Senate Minibus  (HR 6157)  Defense / Labor-HHS-Ed:  8/23: Senate Passed 85-7 the 2-bill minibus  Text: HR 6157 Senate-passed | R-Stmt | D-Stmt Action on amendments SAP | Defense Rpt-290 | LHHS Rpt-289  

FY 2019 Conference Action:

Note on Minibus designations:  Minibus packages were initially numbered by Senate Floor consideration.  The committees are now using the order of conference report consideration, as follows:

Minibus I (HR 5895)  E-W/LEG/MCon:

Conf. Report: Conference Report was filed 9/10/18 on the EWLeg-MilCon minibus (HR 5895) HR 5895 Text (corrected enrollment) | Jt Stmt | Hse R-SumEW | Leg | MilConVA Hse-D-Sum | Hse-D-Stmt | Sen R-Sum | Sen D-sum:  EW | Leg | Mil-ConVA 
House:  Thurs, 9/13:  House adopted 377-20 the EW-Leg-MilCon minibus conference report (HR 5895) | HR 5895 Text (corrected enrollment) | RuleJt Stmt | R-Sum | EW | Leg | MilConVA | D-Stmt | D-Sum
Senate:  Wed. 9/12:  Senate adopted 92-5 the EW-Leg-MilCon conference report (HR 5895) | HR 5895 Text (corrected enrollment) | Jt Stmt | R-Stmt | D-Stmt | R-Sum | D-Sum:  EW | Leg | Mil-ConVA
President:  Friday, 9/21:  President signed the EW-LEG-MilConVA (HR 5895) Appropriations Bill Friday afternoon. R-Stmt D-Stmt | Conf.RptJt Stmt The $147 billion measure covers the Dept. of Energy, Bureau of Reclamation, and Army Corps of EngineersCongress and legislative branch agencies (Library of Congress, CBO, GAO, GPO); and Dept. of Veterans Affairs, and military construction and housing projects.

Minibus II (HR 6157)  Defense/Labor-HHS-Ed/CR-thru-Dec-7:

Conferees:  9/4: House named conferees on HR 6157, the Defense-LHHS minibus and defeated along party lines (171-221) a Democratic motion to instruct conferees to support the Senate version of the Labor-HHS bill. House GOP conferees: Frelinghuysen, Hal Rogers, Aderholt, Granger, Calvert, Cole, Womack, and Roby; House Dem conferees:  Lowey, Visclosky, DeLauro, Roybal-Allard, and McCollum.  9/6: Senate named conferees – GOP conferees: Shelby, Blunt, Graham, Moran;  Dem conferees: Leahy, Murray, Durbin.
Conf. Report:  Defense LHHS Conference Report FY19 | Defense LHHS Joint Statement
Hse-R-Summ/Stmt  Def-Sum  LHHS Sum | Hse-D-Summ | Hse-D-Stmt | Sen-R-Summ | Sen-D-StmtDef-Sum  LHHS-Sum | Sen-R-Stmt | Sen-D-Stmt
Senate: 9/18: Def-LHHS Conference Report adopted 93-7 | R-Stmt | D-Stmt
House:  9/25: House Rules Comm.

Minibus III (HR 6147)  Int/FSGG/THUD/Ag:

Conferees:  9/6:  House and Senate named conferees on HR 6147, the Int-FSGG-THUD-Ag minibus: House GOP conferees: Frelinghuysen, Aderholt, Simpson, Calvert, Cole, Diaz-Balart, Graves, David Young, Rutherford.  House Dem conferees: Lowey, Price, Bishop, McCollum, Quigley, Pingree.  Senate GOP conferees: Shelby, Collins, Murkowski, Hoeven, Lankford, Hyde-Smith;  Senate Dem conferees: Leahy, Reed, Udall, Merkley, Coons.
Meetings:  Senate Appropriations Comm. Chairman Shelby said Monday, 9/24, “Our staffs have been working and trying to see if they can resolve this. This is a pivotal week for that. We hope we can do it. It depends on the House. We’ve got offers and counter offers.”
Conf. Report:

Background: Minibus, Omnibus, and other Types of Appropriations Bills:

Overview:  For nearly two centuries, “regular appropriations bills” were considered by the House and Senate as individual measures and enacted as standalone laws. However, since 1986 various forms of omnibus, minibus bills, and continuing resolutions have become the norm.

12 Regular Appropriations Bills:  The House and Senate Appropriations Committees are both organized into 12 subcommittees, with each subcommittee having responsibility for developing one regular annual appropriations bill.  Click the red navigation bar above (or the chart on our  home page) for the status of this year’s 12 regular bills, or click on the links below.

Continuing Resolutions (CR):  Due to escalating disagreements on fiscal policy, it is rare for Congress to complete action on all 12 appropriations bills by October 1; the last time was 1996.  Instead, Congress passes stop-gap measures, called continuing resolutions (“CRs”), to keep agencies operating at a particular level of funding (often the previous year’s funding level, with some adjustments) while they endeavor to complete appropriations action.

  • Sometimes, multiple CRs are enacted adopted before final agreement on appropriations for the fiscal year is reached.
  • CRs are enacted in the form of joint resolutions requiring presidential signature.
  • Occasionally, political gridlock prevents adoption of a CR and the federal government shuts down.  Lengthy government shutdowns occurred in 1995 and 2013.  (For more information, see:

Omnibus Appropriations Bills:  In recent years, the Appropriations Committees of the House and Senate typically begin regular consideration of each of the 12 appropriations bills, producing House and Senate committee reports and legislative language for most or all of the 12 bills, but eventually congressional leadership makes a decision to combine some or all of the bills into an “omnibus” — or combined — measure, usually in order to expedite passage and/or resolve outstanding differences through a comprehensive negotiation.

Minibus:  A combined appropriations bill that includes fewer than all 12 regular appropriations bills is sometimes called a “minibus.”

Cromnibus:  A bill that continues several of the 12 regular appropriations bills, and continues funding for other departments and agencies at current levels (i.e. a continuing resolution) is sometimes called a “cromnibus” because it combines features of a “CR” and a “minibus.”

Supplemental Appropriations:  In addition to the amounts provided in a regular appropriations measure, the President may request, and Congress may enact, additional funding in the form of one or more supplemental appropriations measures (“supplementals”).  Supplementals are used to provide funding where the need is too urgent to be postponed until enactment of the next regular appropriations bill — often in response to disasters or national security requirements.  Current status of supplemental appropriations.

Rescissions:  Following enactment of appropriations for a fiscal year, the President or Congress make seek to cancel appropriated funds.  Current status of rescission bills.

History of Omnibus Appropriations:  

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